Cystitis – Bladder Infection


Cystitis affects thousands of people every year and is most frequently seen in women. However, the condition is rarely severe.

What is cystitis? 

Cystitis – also known as urinary tract infection – is an infection of the urinary bladder that is almost always caused by bacteria coming through the urethra. It often leads to burning and pain when it is infected. However, cystitis is rarely severe and is usually easily treated with antibiotics.

What is Cystitis?
What is Cystitis?

Cystitis, inflammation of the bladder, urinary tract infection or bladder catarrh is inflammation of the bladder mucosa and sometimes also seen in the renal pelvis. The inflammation is due to bacteria and a rare yeast fungus that enters the urinary bladder via the urethra. Here, the bacteria thrive well in body-warm urine and multiply rapidly.

Subsequently, these bacteria will cause inflammation of the mucosa inside the bladder.

The inflammation is primarily due to the gut bacteria – by far the most common coli bacteria, but some other gut bacteria can also be the cause.

In a few cases, it is due to staphylococci from the mucosa at the entrance to the vagina, and if you have spoon cataracts with yeast fungi, they can also cause cystitis.

What is cystitis

What causes cystitis?

Urinary tract infection is very common and by far the most frequent in women due to their short urethra. Especially if the mucous membrane of the vagina is colonized with coli bacteria from the gut, you can get urinary tract infection easily.

20-40 percent of all women will have a urinary tract infection in life and of these, 20 percent will have recurrent urinary tract infection. 

Intercourse can cause the bacteria to enter the bladder more easily. It occurs when the penis presses against the anterior vagina wall, thus bacteria are forced into the urine from the area around the urethra and from the glands along the urethra.

What are the symptoms of cystitis?

Cystitis Symptoms
Cystitis Symptoms

If you get a frequent urge to urinate, but it hurts when you let the urine out, you probably have a cystitis. In addition, you will probably experience the following classic symptoms:

  • Burning or pain when urinating
  • Frequent urination or increased urge to urinate
  • Acute onset of the condition
  • Blood in the urine

Symptoms are very typical, it is not difficult to make a diagnosis, since it is based primarily on these specific symptoms.

However, an examination of the urine may confirm the diagnosis.

Cystitis treatment

A cystitis is usually treated with antibiotics, and in the case of uncomplicated cystitis in otherwise healthy young women, the treatment typically takes only three days.

In older women, however, a five-day course may be necessary.

To prevent a urinary tract infection, it is important to drink plenty water on a daily basis and remember to empty the bladder every time you pee. At the same time, it is also important to pee after intercourse.

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