Blood Pressure


Blood pressure should be measured and kept under control as it can say a lot particularly about the condition of the heart and blood vessels. High blood pressure increases the risk of serious illnesses such as blood clots and heart attacks.

What is blood pressure?

When you talk about blood pressure, you talk about the pressure the blood exerts on the blood vessels within the body’s circulation. Heart pumps the blood through the arteries. One’s blood pressure depends on how much force the heart provides when it pumps blood, as well as the resistance in the blood vessels.

How to measure blood pressure?

When blood pressure is measured, it is usually done by a blood pressure device which measures the blood pressure in the artery of the upper arm. A cuff is placed around the arm and tightened, then pumped up to a pressure value above the expected blood pressure.

A blood pressure is indicated by two numbers – for example, 120/80. The highest pressure is called systolic blood pressure and indicates the ‘working pressure’ (the systole) – that is, the pressure the blood exerts on the vessel wall when the heart pumps.

The lower number is called diastolic blood pressure and indicates the ‘resting pressure’ (diastole) which is the pressure the blood provides during the heart’s resting phase. The difference between the two values ​​is usually increasing with age.

Normal blood pressure is around 120/80. Blood pressure may increase with aging because the heart arteries become stiffer. Nervousness and bad habits also affect blood pressure, but it is not always dangerous. You can measure your blood pressure at home or have your doctor do it.

While measuring blood pressure it is important that you are relaxed and at rest. You should preferably sit quietly for 10 minutes before measuring blood pressure.

How to measure blood pressure at home?

What is a normal blood pressure?

Normal blood pressure should be within the range of 100-140 (systolic) and 60-90 (diastolic) when the body is at rest – or more precisely 120/80 is the best rates.

If you suffer from diabetes or high risk of cardiovascular disease, blood pressure should be lower.

What is high blood pressure?

While it is not dangerous to have low blood pressure, having high blood pressure can be life-threatening. Low blood pressure is congenital and is often seen in young women, tall and thin people.

Low blood pressure may not show any symptoms but sometimes it may result in problems with fatigue and dizziness, 

If you have high blood pressure, you must in turn pay attention and take your precautions. High blood pressure, also called hypertension or hypertension arterialis, is typically defined by a systolic pressure above 140 and / or a diastolic pressure above 90.

What Causes High Blood Pressure:

  • Overweight
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • High salt intake
  • High alcohol consumption
  • Lack of exercise
  • Increased cholesterol levels

In addition, high blood pressure is often found in the family and we can define it within the genetically transmitted illnesses.

Last but not least, men are more affected with high blood pressure than women .

An elevated blood pressure rarely causes symptoms, but a very high blood pressure (diastolic pressure above 120) can result in, for example, palpitations, headaches, chest pain, nosebleeds or shortness of breath.also read

A lot of people go around with high blood pressure without realizing it.  Therefore, it is important that you get a blood pressure measurement from time to time, as high blood pressure is one of the major causes of arterial narrowing that can lead to a blood clot in the heart or brain as well as heart attack. Thus, high blood pressure can at worst cost a life.

If your doctor considers that you suffer from high blood pressure, then you may be offered a treatment with antihypertensive drugs, among other things.